Omnipotent/Omniscient God

Birnbaum states that there are two answers, yes and no, to the question, “Is omnipotent/omniscient God always watching in the here-and-now?” Some people tend to question that if there is God and He is “omnipotent,” then why is there evil ? We often know that God is omnipotent, but the more I think about the word, omnipotent, the harder to understand the existence of evil. Although some other people believe that God is omnipotent and omniscient, there is a limit that human being can reach and understand Him. Birnbaum describes that “one can do mental gymnastics from now until doomsday, but will encounter insurmountable logical obstacles that make it impossible to come up with an inclusive, satisfying answer.”

I think that the reason that there is existence of evil is because of “the answer to our initial question is ‘not always.'” This means that God is omnipotent and omniscient sometimes, but then some other times, He is not omnipotent. During that time when He is not omnipotent, there evil appears.

In my opinion, God maybe want evil to exist, so  there is suffering and punishment in this world.  Or God maybe think that existence of evil prevents a greater evil, so ultimately God protects us. Birnbaum illustrates that “providence, omnipresence, reward and punishment, and the biblical God clearly watching and interfacing with man in here-and-now.” According to Birnbaum, God is with us. He is watching us. But is He with us always….? all the time..? I think this is where people question about God’s omniscience.

 

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We will devote considerable attention to a particular area of omnipotence “omniscience in the here-and-now,” an area not overly cultivated in theological formulations. We posit that religious man, approaching the question of suffering, must first ask: Is omnipotent/omniscient God always watching in the here-and-now? If the answer is essentially “yes, always,” as most theologians affirm, one is tempted either to sacrifice elements of omnipotence or to put an infinite value on man’s freedom in a universe reigned over by a very stoic Divine. If not, one can do mental gymnastics from now until doomsday, but will encounter insurmountable logical obstacles that make it impossible to come up with an inclusive, satisfying answer.

If the answer to our initial question is “not always,” then there is some room for maneuver. However, the “not always” must be theologically justified and grounded. The “not always” must be reconciled with traditional religious concepts of omnipotence, omniscience. Providence, omnipresence, reward and punishment, and the biblical God clearly watching and interfacing with man in the here-and-now. The whys and wherefores of the “not always” must naturally be fully explicated and buttressed.

범바움은 신은 항상 여기서 지금 전지하시고, 전능하신가? 라는 질문에 두가지, 예쓰 와 노 가 있다고 한다. 어떤 사람들은 만약 진짜로 신이 있고 신이 전능하시다면, 왜 악이 존재 하는것인가 라고 고민을 할곤 한다. 우리는 종종 신이 전지하다는것을 알지만, 내가 그 단어를 더 생각할때마다, 악의 존재를 이해하기 어려워 진다. 비록 다른사람들은 신이 전지 하고 전능하다고 생각하고 그러기에 사람들은 을 이해하는데에 한계가 있다고 생각한다.
범바움은 사람은 지금까지는 정신적으로 할수있지만, 논리적인 장애물을 만나게 되고, 그것은 포함적이고 만족할만한 대답을 갖는것은 불가능 하다고 말한다.

나는 악의 존재가 있기때문에 본질적인 대답인 항상 아니다라고가 나온다고 생각한다. 이것은 신은 전능하지만 항상 전능하지는 않다. 항상 전능하지 않기 때문에, 그 전능하지 않는 동안에 악이 나타나게 된다.

내 생각에는, 은 악이 존재하기를 원하는것 같다, 그렇기에 고통과 처벌이 이 세상에 존재한다. 또는 신은 항상 악의 존재가 있어야 더 큰 악을 방지 할수 있다고 생각할수도 있다. 범바움은 섭리, 전지함, 배품, 처벌, 성경적인 신은 확실히 사람을 지켜보고 같이 지금 현재 있다”고 한다. 범바움에 따르면, 신은 우리와 함께있고, 신은 우리를 지켜 보신다고 한다. 하지만, 정말 신은 우리를 항상, 언제나 지켜보고 계실까? 나는 이것이 사람들에게 신에대한 전능함에대해 의문을 갖게 한다고 생각한다.